Topic:
The Court Structure
Duration:
1 lesson
Syllabus Outcomes:
5.1 examines the role of law in society
5.2 researches and assesses commercial and legal information using a variety of sources
5.8 explains commercial and legal information using a variety of forms
Students learn about:
Court Structure
Students Learn to:
Graphically represent the structure of the court hierarchy and explain the role of court personnel
Indicators of learning – By the end of this lesson students will be able to...
- identify the different levels of courts
- explain the function of each different level of court
- Determine which court specific cases should be heard in
Assessment
- Student participation during class discussion
- Diagram of the court structure
Lesson Plan
10 mins- Introduction
10 mins- Text review
15 mins – Text based activities
10 mins – Internet research activity
5 mins – Class discussion on findings of research
Test Page
Pg 74-75
Glossary of Terms:
Define the following in your glossary of terms in the back of your workbookexternal image 0511-0709-0620-2149_Judge_With_His_Gavel_clipart_image.jpg
- Hierarchy
- Magistrate
- Judges
- Appeal
Introduction:
When you break a rule at school, your ‘guilt’ and ‘punishment’ will be decided based on the severity of the crime and the staff member who handles the matter. As a class create a list of the different ways in which you can break school rules, who will handle the infringement and possible consequences you may face.
Text Review:
Read pages 74 and 75 of your text and complete the following activities.
1. Below is a jumbled up list of the different responsibilities/characteristics of The State Courts (Local, District and Supreme), and the High Court of Australia. In your workbook create a diagram that shows the court hierarchy that exists in Australia and place the responsibilities/characteristics of each court under their respective headings.
- hears state vs. state and Commonwealth vs. state disputes
- hears family law matters
- highest State Court
- hears appeals from the Local Court
- hears serious criminal cases
- hears appeals from the federal, state and territory courts
- hears major crimes (e.g. murder and armed robbery)
- hears 80% of all state court cases
- can act as a coronial court (examining deaths from unnatural causes
- interprets the law of the Australian Constitution
- hears civil cases over $750,000
- hears appeals from the District Courts
- hears civil matters up to $40,000
- a judge hears cases
- has preliminary hearings for major crimes
- Hears civil disputes up to $750,000
- a magistrate hears cases
- has a jury for major crimes
- hears minor crimes (e.g. stealing, assault, traffic matters, drug possession)
In your diagram also include the following two courts and their responsibilities/characteristics
The Federal Court of Australia
- hears cases involving Federal law
o industrial disputes covering more than one state
o trade practices matter
o bankruptcy cases
- hears appeals and reviews cases (including cases from the Supreme Court of Norfolk Island)
The Family Court of Australia
- resolves disputes by agreement
o divorce and division of property
o maintenance
o custody of children
- Judge hearings used as last resort
If you need any help or wish to seek more information click on the link below http://www.schools.nsw.edu.au/nswconstitution/html/5th/bgr/overview.html
2. Answer ‘Activities’ 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 on page 75 in your workbook
Internet Research:
Using the internet, collect articles about current or past court cases, be prepared to share your findings with the class by briefly summarising, the crime that has been committed/issue before the court, which court is hearing the case and why the case is being heard in this particular court, and the outcome of the case if it has concluded.
external image 10-court-in-session.jpg